Environmental sanitation : our health, our wealth
All around the world today, wealth has become a commodity that many seek to acquire. People consider it a treasure and cherish it fondly. Both the adult and the young want to become rich. Health is even more treasured and sought after. Many would really prefer good health to all the wealth you can imagine. However, a significant percentage especially in our country would think otherwise.
Sanitation in Nigeria is no longer of primary importance to many nowadays. people care less of what causes illnesses of the people infected and their fate. in retrospect, one can recall what was obtainable in the past years. as the poor level of sanitation increases, diseases are continuous spreading, through many ways and various vectors. To remedy the situation and care can be revived in Nigeria through these means
Health Education : health education can be conducted by various health organization, individual etc. to teach both the children and the adults on the basic steps for health upkeep.
Waste Management: also waste product around corners if the streets should be treated properly to avert spreading of various disease
Purification of water: water should be given rapt strict attention to prevent diseased that spread through contaminated water. It would be advisable to always boil
Personal hygiene: personal hygiene should be practiced and taught in homes and schools by the parents and teachers.
Environmental pollution : this is one of the serious global challenge which can be caused wild – type organism that had slow degradation rate of hazardous material . they cab be replaced as an obstacle to the economical exploitation of coal deposit in industrialized countries like Nigeria , Russia and other countries they have rules of protection of the environment are stricter than in developing countries
Sanitation: it is defined as the condition related to drinking clean water and proper treatment and disposal of human feces and sewage
A good Sanitation system includes the capture , storage ,transport ,treatment, and disposal or recycle of human excreta and dirty water.
PROPER WAY TO PRACTICE SANITATION
by preventing human contact , with feces is part of sanitation like washing our hand with soap.
Diem disease like diarrhea,a main cause if malnutrition and stunted growth in children it can be prevented through proper sanitation. People involved in sanitation like washing, cleaning and maintaining at any sanitation chain are called SANITATION WORKERS
For any social and economic development proper sanitation are in good terms with good hygiene and safe water are essential to good health. The lack of adequate Sanitation maybe caused by poverty. Sanitation is a necessary for a healthy life.
Temperature change: this has much impact on existing sanitation service in several ways;
Water services: can lead to greenhouse gas emission and they are supposed to reduce those emission.
Flood service: this is also another service that leads to poor sanitation cane needs to be reduced to the carrying capacity of water receiving waste water in other to maintain a proper sanitation to every individual in the community
Our Health, our wealth.
Although knowledge in the field of environmental health remains segmented and incomplete, it is unarguably one of the least developed disciplines or deemphasized focus in Nigeria. The long period of military dictatorship and political instability in Nigeria stagnated the quality of life; however, the young democracy is coming to terms with the belief that the key determinants and solutions to environmental health lie outside the direct realm of clinical health infrastructure and are strongly dependent on environmental changes, water and sanitation, industrial development, education, employment, trade, tourism, agriculture, urbanization, energy, housing, and national security. This area case study is a critical review and assessment of environmental health practices and research capturing unique problems, the solutions of which depend on circumstances surrounding the resources, customs, institutions, values, and environmental vulnerability in the Nigerian context. This article covers health impacts of environmental risk factors such as solid waste, natural resource mining, and industrial manufacturing. Public-health-related climatic changes, acid rain and interrelationship with agriculture, and disease emergence and progression are also discussed. The Nigerian initiative to reduce pollution by converting waste into clean energy and other environmental remediation approaches are also examined. Prevention remains the best option for reducing exposure to chemical pollutants. The level of knowledge, attitudes, and practical management of environmental risks in Nigeria are not well understood, but the situation can be improved through targeted education and broad-based preventive strategies.
Most of the world’s people survive from day to day without access to basic health services. To fill this void, dedicated inhabitants of various villages, towns, and cities work to improve the health of their communities. These individuals have been called community health workers (CHW), and they may represent the best hope for making appropriate health care accessible to everyone, especially the rural poor. I describe two programs in two different hemispheres and their impact on the populations served. I discuss similarities and differences and the potential application of these models to other parts of the developing world.
WHAT IS A CHW?
CHWs are people: men, women, young, and old. Often, they are selected by their communities because they are good leaders, responsible, wise, just, or known to be especially kind. Beyond the roles of providing curative medical care in the community, some have also been agents for social change. CHWs may work to raise community consciousness and organize against unjust societal structures and practices that influence the health of the community. Four qualities characterize the potential benefits that the CHW brings to the delivery of health services.
Availability. A CHW provides services and technologic information that may never before have been possible in a community.
Accessibility. The CHW makes health care accessible to everyone.
Acceptability. The CHW is of the community and shares a common awareness of local beliefs and practices. These qualities help the CHW to provide the community with acceptable health services on the community’s terms.
Affordability. The CHW represents a cost-effective means of offering health services and activities where resources available to the community are limited.
Most CHW models state that health and illness are the result of complicated interactions between biological, physical, social, economic, and political elements and that health work must address all of these elements. Consider a child suffering from hookworm. The infection is as much a result of poor environmental sanitation as it is of behavioral practices like walking barefoot. The CHW fails if he or she only administers worming medicine and fails to engage the community level in building latrines and promoting shoe wearing.